India’s need for IT professionals continues to grow. As the Internet of Things (IoT) envelops both our nation and the world, there have been an abundance of endeavors via state and central governments, along with private and public sectors, to broaden the scope of aspiring IT professionals. Some of the more well-known endeavors during the past 10 years include:
- All governmental departments are required to delegate one to three percent of their budget to recruit IT products and services. The amount sums up to approximately Rs. 5000 crore — a massive amount spent to develop opportunities for aspiring IT professionals.
- Motivated by the actions of the Indian government, both IT and non-IT sectors in India are reserving six percent of their value-added revenue in order to fund IT educational and training institutes.• Major IT institutes across India have been taking concrete actions to increase their number of IT graduates by three times. The goal is to make IT courses compulsory for every student.
- The Modi administration’s goal to introduce computers and the internet into every school, polytechnic college, university and public hospital in India.
- An export target for India’s IT services was set for Rs. 3 trillion ($69 billion U.S.) by 2010. The target was missed, however, by at least 3 to 4 quarters. Considering the changes made in the IT education sector and restrictions in talent and infrastructure supply, it is now estimated that the Indian industrial sector will reach an export target of $175 billion U.S. by the year 2020.
- All public call or telephone centers have been transformed into multimedia information service centers.
The sum of all these public and private efforts has led to more opportunities for Indian IT professionals.
Moreover, many multinational companies are considering India for outsourcing high- and low-end computer science developmental work. Presently more than 70 of the world’s top 100 multinational companies have set up IT development centers equipped with the latest technologies. In many instances, these multinationals work in partnership with Indian IT companies.
Even better news for students aspiring to an IT career is India’s severe shortage of trained IT professionals — according to Symantec’s 2015 Internet Security Threat Report India faced a shortage of 5 lakh cybersecurity professionals. All that is needed is training. Fortunately, one can find world-class IT training right here at home. One of India’s best options is the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) — a group of 16 higher-education institutes located throughout India. Each institute is autonomous, but linked to the others via a common IIT council.
Most of the IITs are ranked ahead of other engineering institutions in India. Outlook India’s Top Engineering Colleges of 2015 ranked seven IITs in its top 10, including the top six positions. There is also a certain cachet with being a graduate from one of the IITs — in 2006, the United States House of Representatives passed a resolution honoring Indian Americans, and especially graduates of IIT for contributions to US society. China has also recognized IITs value and plans to replicate its form in their country.
IIT schools are difficult to gain entrance to. All applicants are required to take the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) consisting of two parts: JEE Mains and JEE Advanced. JEE Mains is the more common exam, testing proficiency in three subject areas — math, physics and chemistry — and is used for admission into most other institutes. More than 1,250,000 students sat for the JEE Mains exam in 2014.
A high enough qualifying score on the JEE Mains means that a candidate can appear for the JEE-Advanced examination. JEE-Advanced is required for entrance into any of the IITs. It tests the same three areas as the JEE Mains. Approximately 150,000 students qualified to sit for the JEE-Advanced exam in 2014.
IIT schools are viewed in a positive light and graduates have an easier time of finding employment. Four of the more highly regarded IITs are:
Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi. In 2015 IIT Delhi ranked 13th-best among all IT universities in BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) countries. With an enrollment of 8,000, IIT Delhi offers 11 subjects of international standard, including chemical engineering, civil and structural engineering, computer science, electrical and electronic engineering and mechanical engineering.
Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai. Ranking 16th among BRICS countries and 46th in the whole of Asia in 2015, IIT Mumbai focuses on IT subjects, but also provides strong instruction in the arts and humanities — an interesting sideline in light of Google’s interest in It professionals with backgrounds in those areas. IIT Mumbai also has 13 international standard level subjects including art and design, chemical engineering, civil and structural engineering, computer science, electrical and electronic engineering, material sciences, mechanical engineering, and statistics.
Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. IIT Kanpur is ranked 18th among BRICS countries and 58th in the whole of Asia for the year 2015. With an enrollment of only 7,000 students, Kanpur covers a range of subjects in engineering, science, humanities, and social science, and also post-graduation courses in business and management. For the subject statistics, this institute is one of the top global universities.
Indian Institute of Technology, Rourkee was first established in the year 1847 to teach civil engineering. A fairly late entrant into IT, the school only began including IT course instruction in 2001. IIT Rourkee ranks 43rd among BRICS countries and 92nd in the whole of Asia for 2015.
New IT universities in India
One need not attend only the ITTs. Due to the growing demand for IT professionals, a number of start-ups have arrived on the scene in recent years offering solid training in IT. These schools may lack the imprimatur of older more established institutions, but they are effective in their training and freshers and employers report high-levels of satisfaction. Two such newcomers are Gujarat Technological University and the Indian Institute of Technology, Indore.
Gujarat Technological University (GTU). Established in 2007, GTU took the unusual, yet simple, step of introducing bar code systems into their exams as a way to prevent examiners from knowing the identity of the students and helping to avoid charges of favoritism. GTU offers bachelors, and master’s degree for various subjects including technology management, engineering, pharmacy and hotel management, and is known for innovative teaching and relationships with industries to place graduates into IT jobs.
Indian Institute of Technology, Indore (IITI). Just six years old, IITI was established by the Ministry of Human Resource Development as a way to meet India’s need for more technical training. There are eight IITI locations — Hyderabad, Gandhinagar, Rajasthan, Ropar, Patna, Bhubaneswar, Indore, and Mandi.
This institute has various academic programs including bachelor, masters and Ph.D. level degrees in computer engineering, mechanical engineering and chemical engineering. They have already established a sound reputation with employers and the first two graduating classes have reported high-levels of satisfaction with their preparation for IT jobs.
Building a global IT workforce
India is a nation fast becoming a technological powerhouse. Multinationals by the score are setting up operations, hiring tens of thousands of our IT professionals to work here in India and across the globe. The need for quality IT training has never been greater.
The good news is that more universities are realizing this need and including IT instruction in their degree programs. Additionally, more start-up schools are getting into the act. Whichever institute you choose for your IT training, you can be confidant that there are going to be plenty of rewarding careers for those willing to work hard.